We found a cool video that explains how polarization works in depth from a scientific perspective by a YouTuber named Eric Mickelsen. If you have 12 and a half minutes of spare time, we suggest you take a look. Particularly if you like to understand how things really work.
He does some cool experiments where he shows light going through 2 and 3 polarized filters as well as explaining the way that light moves in waves. We kinda geeked out on this.